Several "OL" force field modifications (named after the city of Olomouc) for DNA and RNA simulations were suggested in our laboratory over the past few years. We focus on the dihedral angle parameters, which are crucial for description of the conformational equilibria in nucleic acids. All dihedral modifications provided on this web page were derived using our parameterization procedure that incorporates previously neglected conformation-dependent solvation effects [1] and are built for Cornell et al. [2] force field family used in AMBER software [3].

Note that currently different parameter sets are needed for DNA and RNA simulations!

OL21 DNA force field

OL21 [16] is a 2021 DNA force field, so far tested on B-DNA and Z-DNA. Further testing currently in progress.


    α/γ OL21 modification added to OL15 force field, for DNA simulations only [16]

OL15 DNA force field

OL15 [8] is a 2015 DNA force field comprising several refinements and well tested

Refinements on top of ff99+bsc0 force field:

    χOL4 - glycosidic dihedral for DNA simulations only [6]
    εζOL1 - epsilon/zeta modification for DNA simulations (RNA in testing) [7]
    βOL1 - beta dihedral for DNA simulations (RNA in testing) [8]

These corrections are designed to work together. The recommended and tested combinations for DNA and RNA simulations are described below. However, if desired, individual corrections can be used also separately, in a modular fashion. They can simply be added to the ff99bsc0 force field: ff99bsc0εζOL1, ff99bsc0χOL4, etc. For improvements brought by each correction see their description in Refinements.

χOL3 RNA force field

χOL3 is a well tested modification of the glycosidic torsion χ, used in combination with ff99 force field and bsc0 Barcelona correction.

Refinements on top of ff99+bsc0 force field:

    χOL3 - glycosidic dihedral chi for RNA simulations only [4,5]